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The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali

The UN Climate Change Conference, hosted by the Government of Indonesia, took place at the Bali International Convention Centre and brought together more than 10,000 participants, including representatives of 187 countries together with observers from intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations and the media. 

Following almost two weeks of discussion the conference agreed on a roadmap for new treaty to combat global warming.  This agreement, named the “Bali Roadmap”, sets an agenda for a new negotiating process to be concluded by 2009.  Concluding negotiations in 2009 will ensure that the new deal can enter into force by 2013, following the expiry of the first phase of the Kyoto Protocol.

Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, John Gormley T.D. who was at the conference, said that the agreement reached in Bali represents a major step towards an international deal on tackling climate change.  He said: “The most important thing is that the roadmap has been agreed by consensus. All of the countries present at the conference now have a common view of the way forward. The road map sets out the steps which will lead to a new deal on climate change in Copenhagen in 2009”.

The key issues now to be agreed by 2009 are:

·  Actions for adapting to the negative consequences of climate change, such as droughts and floods;

·  Measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, recognising that richer countries must take on greater responsibility in this regard;

·  Measurres to deploy climate friendly technologies, a key concern of developing countries;

·   Financing for adaptation projects in developing countries; 

·  Financing of mitigation measures, such as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; afforestation and reforestation; and carbon capture and storage.

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